DPRK, Its Emblem and Flag
The Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea, which greets its 60th founding anniversary (September 9, 1948), is in the limelight of the international community as a ¡°small yet great country¡±, as it is marching forward along the road of socialist cause without vacillation and frustration in the face of all kinds of vicissitude and trials. What makes the DPRK so great, everyone wonders.
The national emblem and flag of the DPRK will give a clear answer to it.
The national emblem of the DPRK is oval-shaped, with the diametric ratio of length to width being six to five. Drawn in it are the designs of a hydropower station and, above the power station a red-five point star beaming lights and Mt. Paetktu, sacred mountain of the Korean nation. It has an elliptical fringe of rice ears braided with a red ribbon bearing the inscription of ¡°The Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea.¡±
The original draft design was different from the present one. It only consisted of a blast furnace framed with rice eras. Some people, when the draft design was put to debate, suggested that it be redrawn not in an oval form, but in circular shape after the Japanese emblem with no rice-era frame. They even insisted on drawing it in the Kyongbok Palace of the Ri Dynasty, the last feudal state of Korea.
President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), founder of the DPRK, advised that the national emblem should clearly depict the prospect of the development of a strong heavy industry and advanced agriculture along with the unity and cohesion of the broad masses of the people based on the worker-peasant alliance. Saying that the blast furnace in the draft could reflect only part of the industry, he declared that a hydropower station indicative of electrification, the orientation of the country¡¯s technical development, should be included along with more ears of rice. He even gave detailed instructions on the composition and coloring. The national emblem was thus completed to be as bright, beautiful and meaningful as the name of the country.
Mt. Paektu drawn in the emblem was the base of the anti-Japanese armed struggle (early 1930s-1945) waged under the leadership of Kim Il Sung, the Korean people regard it as the sacred mountain of revolution, from where the dawn of national restoration broke and national liberation was fully brought to Korea. It is also the birthplace of Chairman Kim Jong Il of the National Defense Commission of the Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea and supreme leader, who was born on February 16, 1942. With Mt. Paektu and a brightly shining red five-point star, the national emblem demonstrates the unshakable conviction and will of the Korean people to carry out to the end the revolutionary cause pioneered on Mt. Paektu. The name of the country inscribed on the red ribbon indicates that the country, guided by the people-centered Juche idea founded by President Kim Il Sung, is a people-oriented state that fully provides its people with genuine democracy through people¡¯s democratic dictatorship. The hydropower station in the center of the emblem represents the self-reliant and modern industry based on powerful heavy industry, and the framing rice eras the rapidly-developing rural economy.
The DPRK flag is rectangular, with the ratio of width to length being one to two. It has a red panel in the center, bordered both above and below by a narrow white stripe and a broad blue one. The central red panel bears, in the hoist, a five-pointed red star within a white circle.
The national flag, too, could be completed to the present one under the guidance of President Kim Il Sung. He gave instructions in detail about the basic orientation and standpoint of instituting the national flag, its shape, color and ideological meaning, and the way of its portrayal.
The five-pointed red star on the flag is symbolic of the glorious revolutionary traditions achieved during the anti-Japanese armed struggle led by Kim Il Sung and the bright future of Korea. Its red panel symbolizes the Korean people¡¯s faithfulness to their leaders, their socialist patriotism, their indomitable fighting spirit and invincible force of their single-hearted unity. The white circle and the two white stripes mean that the Korean nation is a homogeneous nation with a long history of 5,000 years and brilliant culture and that Koreans are a wise, pure-hearted, industrious and brave people. The two blue stripes signifies that ardent aspiration of the Korean people to unite with the progressive people all over the world under the banner of anti-imperialist independence and fight staunchly for peace, democracy, national independence and the victory of the socialist cause.
The 60-year-long annals of the DPRK history has been recorded in the way its national emblem and flag symbolize. It has established and consolidated a socialist system centered on the mass, an unprecedented one in history; defended and developed the socialist cause by dint of the single-hearted unity, ever more powerful than nuclear weapons, stoutly overcoming all sorts of trials and challenges of history; and built a socialist power, independent, self-reliant and self-defensive, with unfathomable potential and might.
The DPRK will be prosperous forever along with its national emblem and flag.
September 9 this year marks the 60th founding anniversary of the Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea.
The south Korean people highly eulogize the DPRK which demonstrates its invincible power throughout the world under the great Songun politics of leader Kim Jong Il, the sun of Songun.
A dignified appearance of the DPRK, that firmly defends dignity and sovereignty of the nation in defiance of the US styling itself the ¡°only superpower¡± in the world, encourages the south Koreans.
¡°North Korea is always imposing. It is not bind to anybody and does not read other faces. Indeed, north Korea dignified with Songun is a pride of the nation and a beacon of hope for the south Koreans.¡± (K, a retired professor in Busan)
¡°I express my heartfelt thanks to north Korea which is demonstrating its might on the strength of Songun. But for the Songun politics of north Korea, the Korean Peninsula would have witnessed a war-torn area. The Songun politics is a grateful one. The south Korean people lead a comfortable life thanks to the Songun politics.¡± (O, a businessman in Seoul)
¡°The US dares not provoke north Korea. Because there is Supreme Commander Kim Jong Il who has developed the Korean People¡¯s Army into an invincible one enough to defeat any formidable enemy. He put forward the unique idea of giving priority to the military unprecedented in the history of building the army in the world. Really, Supreme Commander Kim Jong Il is a great commander and military genius who trained the KPA into an elite one.¡± (K, a military critic)
¡°North Korea that is advancing to build a thriving nation is compared with the spirit of dragon and a swift horse. The rapid advance of north Korea is attributable to the Songun politics of leader Kim Jong Il.¡± (B, a student in Seoul)
¡°Dear citizens! Let us follow Kim Jong Il, the sun of the age, who leads the DPRK with his Songun leadership.¡± (H, a resident in Gwangju)
The Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea will further prosper under the support of all the Korean people in the south and the north.