Creation of Songun Idea and Its Development in Depth
The Korean people are now making a dynamic general forward march of Songun revolution in all fields of social life, such as politics, military affairs, the economy and culture, in order to build a great prosperous powerful socialist nation.

Filled with great ambition and confidence, they are opening up a new era of rapid progress. Their banner of struggle is the Songun idea.    

This idea is a revolutionary idea which President
Kim Il Sung put forward for the first time in history at the dawn of the Korean revolution with the original idea of giving priority to arms and military affairs as the core.

His report "The Path of the Korean Revolution" delivered at the historic Kalun meeting on June 30, Juche 19 (1930), was a declaration of historic significance which proclaimed the founding of the Songun idea to the whole world, along with the Juche idea.

In his report the President set it as the basic line of the anti-Japanese national liberation struggle and the primary task of the Korean revolutionaries to wage an all-round anti-Japanese war by revolutionary armed forces. The line of armed struggle set out at the Kalun meeting is an original revolutionary line of laying stress on arms, the line which calls for giving prominence to arms before anything else and taking hold of them in the main in the struggle for carving out the destiny of the country and the nation.

Why does the line of armed struggle advanced at Kalun meeting constitute the line which proclaimed the founding of the Songun idea? First of all, this is because the anti-imperialist idea of giving prominence to arms, the kernel of the Songun idea, was elucidated for the first time in this line. Secondly, this is because the fundamental demand of the Songun idea for firmly building up the internal forces of revolution with the revolutionary army as the core and for waging the revolutionary struggle by relying on its might was declared clearly in this line.

The Songun idea clarified in "The Path of the Korean Revolution" was developed and enriched unceasingly in the course of its embodiment in the Korean revolutionary practice by President
Kim Il Sung.

By applying the Songun idea the President accomplished the cause of building the revolutionary armed forces and building the Party and the state and led to victory two revolutionary wars and two stages of the social revolution and socialist construction. In this process the Songun idea fully displayed superiority and might as a firm weapon for the realization of the independent cause of the popular masses and has developed and been enriched as an ever-victorious powerful weapon which is backed with precious traditions and rich experiences.

The Songun idea is invariably carried forward and developed in depth in an all-round way by leader
Kim Jong Il.

He is exerting himself to take over the idea and exploits of the President in an all-round way. He enriched the treasure house of the original Songun idea by exercising Songun revolutionary leadership and administering Songun politics from long ago and conducted energetic ideological and theoretical activities for its monolithic systematization.

He began his Songun leadership by visiting the Guard Seoul Ryu Kyong Su tank division No. 105 to provide on-the-spot guidance on August 25th, Juche 49 (1960). And he began to administer Songun politics based on the Songun idea from the end of the 1960s.

Since then the Korean revolution entered a new, higher stage for winning a final victory by the exercise of the power of Songun.

The mid-1990s served as a decisive occasion in developing in depth the Songun idea to be a revolutionary idea representing the present era and the revolution.

The 90s of the 20th century was a period of trying ordeals without precedent to the Korean people. In that period a great change was brought about in the world political structure and the balance of forces and, taking advantage of this, the imperialist reactionaries strengthened economic blockade and their attempt for military aggression as never before to bring north Korea into submission.

Therefore, the Korean people were confronted with a serious problem of whether they would remain alive as independent people or would be reduced to the colonial slaves of the imperialists. Reflecting the demand of the rigorous situation, the leader proclaimed both internally and externally that north Korea was following the mode of Songun politics and established it comprehensively as the basic political mode of socialism.

He defined the idea of giving prominence to arms and military affairs as the Songun revolutionary idea and formalized the glorious history of the Korean revolution as the history of the Songun revolution. Besides, he made a profound analysis of principles and fundamental rules of the Songun revolution and gave a scientific solution to Songun politics and the accomplishment of the Songun revolutionary cause, thus perfectly systematizing the Songun idea.

In this way, the Songun idea is the powerful banner of the age which was shaped and whose validity and truth were proved in the practice of the Korean revolution.
Essence of Songun politics
Leader Kim Jong Il said that the Songun politics of WPK is a powerful political mode which defends the fatherland, revolution and socialism and powerfully promotes the overall socialist construction by giving priority to the military affairs as the first and foremost affairs of state and the army as the core, major force.

The Songun politics is a mode of politics regarding the military affairs as the first and foremost affairs of state.

It is imperative to attach the prior consideration to the military affairs for safeguarding oneself and developing his economy, culture and all other domains under the current condition that confrontation between socialism and imperialism is acute and US-led imperialists threaten the existence of other nations and hamper their development.

Attaching the priority to the military affairs means regarding the military affairs as the most important issue over other fields and paying the foremost efforts to increase of the military strength.

What is most important in the military affairs is the army. The revolutionary army performs the decisive role in the military affairs of the socialist state. Therefore, it poses as the first task to strengthen the revolutionary army.

That the army is the essential factor in the military affairs means regarding the revolutionary army as the main force in accomplishing the socialist cause and paying the main stress to the strengthening of the army.

In other words, the Songun politics is a political mode regarding the army as the core, main force vital to the fate of revolution over all other forces and other domains in carrying out the revolutionary cause and performing the revolution and construction by enhancing the role of the army and by promoting the military buildup before any other things else.

Another content of the Songun political mode of regarding the military affairs as the first and foremost affairs of state is to pay priority to the national defense industry.

To give priority to national defense industry means to put the national defense industry over all other domains of the economy and pay prior attention to the development of the defense industry. It is because, first of all, the defense industry is not only the material basis for increase of the military strength but also the substantial power. And, the defense industry is reliable guarantee of the national economic power for building a prosperous powerful nation.

The essential meaning of the Songun politics lies in the fact that it is a political mode paying the prior emphasis to the strengthening of the revolutionary army and development of the national defense industry on the priority-to-the military affairs principle, the principle of regarding the military affairs as the first and foremost affairs of state.

Next, the Songun politics of Workers' Party of Korea is a powerful political mode of the contemporary age which defends the fatherland, revolution and socialism and dynamically facilitates the overall socialist construction with the people’s army as the kernel and main force.

This political mode defends the country, revolution and socialism with the army as the core, main force.

In this era, the confrontation between the anti-imperialist independent forces and the imperialist forces is fierce. In order to protect the country, revolution and socialism in the rifle-to-rifle confrontation, it is imperative to have the revolutionary army as the main force.

The situation of the 90s of the 20th century illustrated it.

In this 21st century, too, the US imperialists worked out different war scenarios against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, advocating “preemptive nuclear attack” in an attempt to invade it. The danger of nuclear war increases day by day on the Korean Peninsula.

But Korean-style socialism is unshakable. The Korean People’s Army armed with the spirit of devoted defense of the leader, the human-bomb spirit and the self-demolition spirit along with the offensive and defensive means are reliably defending the Juche-oriented revolution and socialism.

The Songun politics is also a political mode promoting the overall socialist construction by dint of the people’s army as the kernel and main force. It means carrying on the socialist cause to completion without interruption by successfully solving the important yet difficult and complicated problems in accomplishing the socialist cause by enhancing the leading role of the army.

It is a mode of politics that solves the important yet difficult problems arising in accomplishing the socialist cause by relying on the servicepersons who are superior ideologically, mentally, physically, techno-militarily than other social strata of the people.

When the economy of north Korea suffered loss because of the unprecedented short supply of food and energy due to the economic blockade and military maneuvers of the United States, the army took charge of the sections to solve the matters, thus activating the whole of the economy. It was a good result of the Songun politics.

Kim Jong Il created for the first time in the history of the socialist movement the political mode of Songun which regards the revolutionary army as the most important political force and relies on the revolutionary mettle of the army to powerfully promote the overall socialist construction. Thus, he has made the sure guarantee for victory of the June-based revolution and anti-imperialist independent forces.

Social trend in Songun Korea

Giving importance to military affairs is a social trend in the DPRK. In other words, all members of society regard military affairs as the most important affairs of the state and turn out as one in building up national defense and supporting the army.

In north Korea, the military affairs are considered more important than anything else, and everything is subordinated to them.

Upholding the Songun politics of the Workers’ Party of Korea which gives priority to the military affairs and regards the army as the pillar of the country and the main force of revolution, the north Korean people are giving priority to military affairs and strengthening the army.

The DPRK adopted the line of economic construction which gives priority to the defense industry while simultaneously developing the light industry and agriculture.

According to this line, the social system and order have been set up to direct the main effort to the development of the defense industry and provide it with the necessary things preferentially. Today, the defense industry of north Korea can make modern offensive and defensive weapons and its own powerful combat equipment in keeping with the real conditions of the country. The surprising reality that north Korea is stoutly meeting the challenge of the “only superpower” of the world would be inconceivable apart from the line of giving importance to military affairs.

In north Korea, all the people love the arms and heartily learn military affairs.

The north Korean people believe that powerful guns ensure the defense of national sovereignty and the accomplishment of the socialist cause.

They regard national defense as their primary duty and devote their all to this work. Young people consider military service the matter of pride and honor and volunteer enlistment. “Comrades, Let Us Join the Army,” “I’ll Go to the Defense Post” and similar songs are liked by young people, especially by those who have finished middle school. There are many families, all members of which are serving in the army, devoting their lives to national defense. Among them are a family whose eight brothers are army officers and a family whose father and his five sons are airmen.

People belong to the militia such as the Worker-Peasant Red Guards and the Red Young Guards, learning military affairs with sincerity. The militia has people of all strata including workers, peasants, office workers youth and students and its combat efficiency and military equipment are not much inferior to those of the regular army. Whoever dares to attack north Korea will face the volcanic resistance of the Korean army and all the Koreans.

In north Korea, the people love the army as their own flesh and blood and support it with sincerity. Support for the army, the traditional custom of the Korean society, has reached a higher stage now in the era of Songun. Today the north Korean people, regardless of their position and class, their age and sex, consider support for the army as their noble civil duty. They devote even their flesh and blood to army soldiers without hesitation. Such spiritual and moral traits can be felt at the “army support diary” which can be commonly seen at any work place and family, and in the relationship of “our factory-our post” and “our school-our post” established between the army and people.

War veterans, honored wounded soldiers, discharged soldiers and the dependents of the People’s Army servicemen are highly respected in the society and are supported in and out of life by the state.

Young boys and girls take care of the war veterans as their own parents and form families with the honored wounded soldiers. These practices are considered ordinary in the Korean society.