The Tanean Work System of the DPRK

Ziad Shaker elJishi, Chairman of the North American Committee Against Zionism and Imperialism (NACAZAI)

One of the outstanding historical facts of the last six decades is how the DPRK has stood tall as one of the few genuinely remaining successful communist model state in the world today.

How did this remarkable achievement of communism survive when other communist states spiraled into revisionism?

What we aim to do in this short article is extract in summary some of the main-points of this brilliant guidance by comrade Kim Il Sung which really goes into the details of how under socialist construction the factories that are the backbone of the industrial revolution of the DPRK were built with remarkable success.

Learning from their shortcomings the Daean Work system propelled workers in the DPRK to meet targets set by the Workers Party of Korea and succeed in building a strong Korea that today is confronting US imperialism with its own modern nuclear program.

So in essence far from the lies of the US propaganda of "starvation of its people" or "human rights abuses", the DPRK has set a landmark achievement in socialist construction that presents the world today with an example of a nation that not only achieved its national independence from Japanese imperialism, was able to accomplish its socialist construction(economic,social, military, and political), built its modern nuclear program, but is now poised to go further by accomplishing its national unification of South and North with its historical declaration of June 2000 .

A nation that refuses the imperialist offers of "humanitarian aid" is now negotiating from a position of communist strength its nuclear program of technological national development for its citizens.

In this article we emphasize to the reader some main-points as well as quotations of comrade Kim Sung Il of his guidance of the Daean Work System of the DPRK.

DPRK Economic Learning Lessons in Guiding Socialist Industrial Building

What is the Daen Work System?

The Daean Work System was a new socialist system for managing industry fathered by great President Kim Il Sung. Great President Kim Il Sung created this original Daean Work System during his on-the-spot guidance to the Taean Electrical Machinery Plant in December 1961.

I.Management of the Factories

In his guidance comrade Kim Il Sung began with the re-organization of the factories by criticizing management of the factories and offering an alternative solution.

In this effort he emphasized two important related points.

First in his pro-worker approach, he faulted the labor technocrats and managers that develop in socialist industrial building as in fact a remnant of the old capitalist system of production. This is done in the ture spirit of Marxism-Leninism and the Juche idea.

A labor bureaucracy that wishes to direct production from its desk instead of going down to the field to learn from the workers about the production needs of the factories.

The comrade leader summarized:

"In a nutshell, the current system of industrial management retains much of the remnants of capitalist elements. Without reorganizing this system, it would be impossible to guide and manage socialist industry properly nor develop production speedily. It is high time we reorganized this system of industrial management which has many defects."

Ideological Preparedness

Second, comrade Kim Il Sung addressed a crucial factor that concerned the workers and that is ideological and political preparedness which are the secret ingredients of communist economical production success.

Fighting the ideological battle he said:

There needs to be no lack of political preparedness of the workers in the factories to carry out the work assigned to them on a voluntary basis. This is communist enthusiasm that can only come from a superior ideological preparedness through political eduction work in the factories.

We emphasize to the reader here the word voluntary and communist enthusiasm as two crucial driving forces of communist workers.

Comrade Kim Il Sung says in this regard:

"We are struggling to reunify the country as soon as possible and build a socialist, communist society throughout Korea. This revolutionary cause of ours can only be realized by the united efforts of all the people, not just a few of them. We must not leave any of the Party members and working people to lag behind but educate and transform all of them in a communist way to be true revolutionaries. If everyone works with a high degree of revolutionary consciousness, production will go well, and shortcomings in enterprise management will all disappear rapidly."

II.Next the Rearrangement of Labor Management

Next he offers the alternative communist management system which is the unification of the technical and director of production roles. The elimination of labor hierarchy.

He declares: The Role of the Chief Engineer and the Director Must Be United

"A factory or an enterprise must have a staff consisting of a production direction section, a planning section and a technical section under the chief engineer. It would be a good idea to have two assistant chief engineers: one being concurrently the head of production direction and planning sections and the other the head of technical section. If necessary, the planning section may have a separate chief. But the office of the heads of production direction and technical sections must be held concurrently by assistant chief engineers." "Every morning and evening the director must be informed by the chief engineer and deputy directors of the general situation of the factory work including the organization of production, the implementation of the production plan, the supply of materials and welfare service. After that he must confirm the authenticity of the information by referring to the inspection section. This is necessary not because he distrusts the chief engineer or his other deputies. He must always have confidence in his revolutionary comrades, but he must confirm this trust to prevent mistakes in work. It is an important communist principle of work to trust and inspect one’s comrades."

The elimination of Unnecessary Management (Bureaucracy)

"Next, I am going to dwell on the structure of the workshop. The workshop is a production unit under the director and the chief engineer. At present it has a very large management, a foreman, a planner, a person in charge of economic affairs, a calculator, a statistician, a technical instructor and a supervisor of processes. But it does not seem to need so many people. The shop will need its manager and one or two assistant managers to guide production in shifts, plus a few production instructors and a materials supplier, a bookkeeper and a statistician. That would be enough. Other functions should be crossed out from the management structure of the shop."

So in this Korean alternative model of management of the factories, unifying the roles of the different strata of the factory labor force but also removing wasteful bureaucracy may be the distinction point that the Soviet Union model of industrial organization lacked.

This is a point worth researching more to draw the appropriate comparison though.

III.Material Supply of the Factories

Comrade Kim Il Sung next tackles the bureaucratic inadequate system of material supply to the factories:

Materials Supply Unit-Defects Again are the problem of Upper Management.

The current materials supply system is no doubt bureaucratic and unreasonable, a system under which factories, not ministries or management bureaus, are totally responsible for the provision of materials, and within a factory, too, shop managers alone assume the responsibility for materials supply rather than the director or the deputy director for operational affairs.

A further comparison of the Industrial and Agricultural Materials Supply system:

"Industry and Agricultural Guidance Need materials More so in the Industrial Section: Unless this ineffective materials supply system is corrected, the industrial production guidance system will get us nowhere, no matter how we improve it. In agriculture, if the guidance system is corrected a little and if the leading officials go down to the lower units and give proper guidance, the agricultural cooperatives will run better and increase production markedly. But in industry, production will not go smoothly, even if the leading officials go down to the lower units to give efficient technical guidance and no matter what enthusiasm the men display, unless materials are supplied adequately."

The solution comrade Kim Il Sung offers is:

"We believe that in the future we must have a materials supply system whereby the higher echelons bring materials in kind down to lower units in a responsible way. In other words, under this system the ministries and management bureaus must supply and transport materials in kind to factories and enterprises in a responsible way, factories and enterprises to shops, and shops to production sites and machines."

This would be done through:

The new materials supply system ministries and management bureaus with storage warehouses located in proximity to factories and spread throughout the country.

So here again we see the necessity of rearranging the management of the supply system and again the criticism is leveled against the upper management bureaucracy not the workers. While demanding that the workers strengethen their ideological preparedness and build a prosperous socialist state in Korea without delay.

IV.Taking Care of the Welfare of the Workers

"If factories do their supply service well so that Party and state considerations for the welfare of the people reach them quickly, and that the workers are provided with adequate food and reasonable rest, the men will devote all their energies and talents to the common efforts for their society and collective and display a high degree of enthusiasm and creativity in production. But, if they are inefficient in supply service and fail to provide living conditions for the men to have reasonable rest and recover from their fatigue, they cannot expect a great success in production, however efficient their guidance of production and however adequate the supply of raw and other materials and machine parts."

Comrade Kim Il Sung continues in his guidance to take care of the workers:

"The management committee must give planned guidance to health service and sanitation by giving necessary assignments to the head of the hospital and the chairman of the workers' district people's committee. Deep attention must be given to treatment and prevention work for children in particular lest working mothers stay away from work at the factory because of their children's ill health.

Under the present circumstances, a working mother is obliged to stay at home when her child is ill. But, if you set up a separate ward for the treatment of ill children, their mothers will be able to work normally at the factory without any anxiety. "There are many other things the workers' district management committee has to do. It must do its best to ensure the proper running of bathhouses, barber's shops, laundries, repair shops and other service establishments to provide good living conditions for the workers and other inhabitants. The Taean workers' district will be the first to set up the management committee and run it."

Comrade Kim Il Sung goes even further to instruct workers to keep their homes clean and fenced up, to practice good hygiene by visiting the bathhouses, and to maintain
good appearance by wearing clean clothes, shaving, and cutting their hair.

It was this meticulous and worker oriented care that brought faith into the hearts of the Korean workers to follow the leadership of comrade Kim Il Sung.

Comrade Kim Il Sung had said that a worker can not produce a clean product if his house and appearance were dirty!

He further gives guidance for workers to plant fruit trees in their homes and for the factories to have planted fields to produce vegetables and to construct animal farms near the factory to supply the factory with a sustainable source of food production.

We will stop here on a short review of some of the guiding principles offered in comrade Kim Il Sung's article some directed to running efficient factories but not forgetting to address the main force behind that production and those are the workers.

The emphasis is on organization(especially on management of the factories), the ideological preparedness of the workers, and adequate support system to the factories in terms of material supply and taking care of the welfare of the workers.

In capitalist society the spread of materialism, selfishness and greed are rampant; terror, intimidation, and fear tactics are the driving forces of production and when addressing the workers in a slave-master relationship with management and the labor bourgeoisie on one hand and the exploited workers on the other.

In communist society the opposite is true, where a pro-worker approach is the emphasis.

Based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism and the Juche idea under the correct guidance of the party.

The power of communist production comes from, the boundless enthusiasm and loyalty to the party, of the workers derived in self-less attitude and zeal of the workers, derived from the superior ideological and political preparedness of the working class.

This all begins with the faith in the workers' party and leadership and is the fruit of the party effort at investing in the ideological readiness of the workers. It is a dialectical relationship between the party and the proletariat filled with love and trust.

Based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism and Juche with an unwaivering loyalty to build the revolution according to the concrete conditions of the nation's masses.

The benefits of state controlled economy planning and production are found in a single unifying party with iron steel determination, long-term vision, and one plan of action all rally around.

It is dependent on the vigilant and tireless guidance of the leadership that goes down to the production lines and army barracks to make sure socialism is executed in practice not only spoken in theory. 

This can be expressed by the examples of Great leader Kim Il Sung and dear leader Kim Jug Il in their tireless on the spot guidance of the workers, peasants, students, intellectuals, and army.

In the management of communist factories: unification of the different echelons of the labor ladder and the removal of excess bureaucracy is a must.

The superior organization and preparedness of the supply of materials to the points of production and the careful and loving care of the welfare of the workers is paramount.

With such fervor, organization, determination, and the rally of the masses around the program of production how can the DPRK fail!